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南京环球教育:阅读真题和雅思写作必说关系之论据篇2
2022-12-09

在南京环球教育(原环球雅思)张依甜老师具体讲解这篇文章如何写之前,我们先看看政府都有哪些职能,同学们在看完医疗资源这篇的写法后,可以试着把这些论据用到别的方面的政府投资里面。  1.provide basic public services,like medical services and education  2.support people who are living in poverty or unable to work  3.raise money by taxing working people  4.introduce new laws  5.raise people's awareness of some issues,like climate change and a healthy lifestyle  6.regulate the activities of companies  7.be responsible for the security and well-being of their residents  Topic:Some people say that the government should pay for the health care of its citizens,but other people say that it is not the government's responsibility.What is your opinion?开头段可以这样写:  The problem of whether health-care resources should be provided by the government(原文是allocated分配,这里可以换成“提供”)so that they can be distributed in both the most just and most efficient way,is not a new one.Every country is faced with the need to decide how health care should be provided,what diseases and disabilities should be given priority and which members of the society should be given special consideration in respect to health needs.  化用原文当中的词句,适当改变,用最贴合题目的词句来写开头段。  主体段讲为什么政府要负责医疗建设,思路篇里面讲过的几个理由可以拿来用。  An awareness was developing in many societies that people have a basic right to health care as a necessary condition of a proper human life.Like education,political and legal processes and institutions,public order,communication,transport and money supply,health-care came to be seen as one of the fundamental social facilities necessary for people to exercise their other rights as autonomous human beings.The provision of medical services by the government helps to maintain the stability and fairness of the society.  第一个主体段先说医疗权利的重要性,是每个人不可或缺的,而政府提供能保证社会的公平和稳定。  Additionally,basic health-care is now recognized as a'public good',rather than a'private good'that one is expected to buy for oneself.It is also accepted that this right generates an obligation or duty for the state to ensure that adequate health-care are provide out of the public purse.Every taxpayer is entitled to enjoy this right provided by the government.  政府收纳税人纳的税,要提供医疗这种不用花钱购买的公共产品。  When it became obvious that health-care resources could not possibly meet the demands being made upon them,people are demanding that their rights to health-care be satisfied by the state immediately.The second set of more specific changes that have led to the present concern about the provision of health-care resources stems from the dramatic rise in health costs,accompanied by large-scale social changes.The scale and level of difficulty providing medical services to the whole general public determines the position of the state to take this responsibility.  由于社会形态的改变以及医疗成本的上涨这些因素,导致医疗服务范围的扩大和难度的增肌,也决定只有政府才能解决这个难题。  Finally,private enterprises cannot be the best choice for consumers to receive medical services,because the main motive of profit making companies is to derive profits rather than promoting health delivery system.In order to run their expensive models,they are not even hesitant to do unethical practices,for example,tempting patients into accepting expensive medicine,diagnosis and surgical procedures whose effects might be the same as cheaper alternative ones.  Thus,it is reasonable to let the government takes the place of these selfish companies.This policy can put the priority of health care back into interests of the public,and help to reduce the medical costs as well.  结尾段比较了私营企业不能负责医疗的原因,私营企业总是把利益放在第一位,政府才会真正把公众的利益放在金钱前面。  看完这篇文章后,试着把我们前面提到的另外两题写一写,你会发现论据都是可以通用的。